A chicken coop is a construction, normally made out of Wood and chicken wire, where female chickens are kept.
For egg-type birds, the chicken coops will normally have a perch for the birds to rest upon and nest boxes for the chickens to lay their eggs in. For meat-type birds, the coops won’t always have these.
A chicken coop will almost always have an outside area which is open and the chickens can walk around, receive some sun and fresh air and exercise. This is called the coop’s run.
The run will quite often have a soft bedding such as wood shavings, straw, rice hulls or just grass. This bedding helps with the absorption of excess humidity from the chicken droppings or water spillage from the waterers. It also makes it easier to clean up after the chickens.
The chicken coop will also have an inside area where the chickens will sleep, lay eggs, and protect themselves from climate elements like rain, sunshine, wind, and also keep them safe from predators.
This inside area will have a heat source for the cold months, usually a heat lamp. It should also have some means of ventilation such as open side windows or an extractor.
If you live in an area where there are climate changes, it is recommended that you use some kind of insulation between the walls and roofing materials. This will help isolate the chickens from excess heat or cold and help reduce heating and cooling costs.
Chicken coops will also help protect your chickens from predators. The coop’s run should be enclosed by a durable material such as chicken wire. It is also important that there be a barrier underground surrounding the whole coop to prevent those predators which can burrow to enter the coop. Make sure to lock the chickens up in the enclosed area of the coop at night.
Many rural homes have started to keep their own chickens using a backyard chicken coop. These are small enough for the back yard, and easy to handle taking up very little space.
Here are some examples of chicken coops: